So, you have done your research and have decided to create your own hydroponic garden using the water culture method. But, what do you need to begin? If you want to start from scratch, and test out your skills there are some items and information that you will need to know.
· A deep water culture is recommended for small to medium sized plants and is also the easiest method. This will probably be ideal, if it is your first time. A type of bin or fish tank will work great as a reservoir. You will need this water culture to allow the roots of your plants to get enough oxygen, which goes hand in hand with a growing medium to ensure your plants have the appropriate amount of access to water and nutrients.
· Another important item is Styrofoam. You will usually need a one inch thick piece bongs for sale to hold your plants. You will need to poke holes through it to place your net pots. This will be placed at the top of the reservoir, floating in the water. You will position your net pots on the foam which is where your plants will grow from. This is crucial in the making of your floating hydroponic garden.
· Also, make sure you have nutrients. These nutrients contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and other elements and minerals. There are many pre mixed solutions that you can purchase.It will be important to use the appropriate amounts when gardening. These nutrients contain all of the properties that soil has which allows for your plants to successfully grow.
· A PH test kit is needed to check the PH levels in your plants to make sure there isn’t too much or too little, which can affect the growth of your plants. The pH is a very important factor for water culture gardens. You will need to monitor these plants because the pH of a nutrient solution reads the outcome of an electrical encounter that happens between the plants roots and everything that surrounds them.
· An air pump is a very important part of a hydroponic system, as it supplies air to the air stone. The air stone (or bubbler) which will be placed at the bottom of your reservoir will bubble the nutrient solution and supply oxygen to the roots of the plants.
Many people like to use spotlights or highlights directly underwater in their aquarium. It’s a great way to shine light into the nooks and crannies of your tank. Use submersible aquarium lights as unusual moonlights. See the nocturnal behavior of your fish. What do they get up to in the dark? It’s worth keeping an eye on their night time activities, as gentle lunar-lighting helps promote spawning activities.
Before we continue, let’s clear any confusion about what kind of aquarium lights we are talking about. Elsewhere on the site you will find many articles about functional aquarium lighting, used to recreate sunlight to support life in your tank. This article is about submersible lights kept permanently underwater. These products have the label submersible or underwater products.
Advances in LEDs made some exciting underwater aquarium lights available. LEDs are much better for fish tanks than the old incandescent bulbs. Colored bulbs are still useful for pond lighting, but they are a pain to use in tanks, because they generate heat, and they are so big -they are difficult to conceal.
LEDs are perfect submersible lights. Thin strips of LEDS you can place at the rear of your tank for a very subtle lighting effect. Please note, these lighting systems are not designed to fully illuminate the tank like your above-tank lighting. Putting aquarium lights underwater will provide small area highlights, and low level nocturnal light. They are great as a night light for your room.
Before you buy any of these lights, check the length of the cord, and make sure it will reach your power supply easily. Cheap lights don’t come with a switch, only a plug. To enjoy the them fully, get an automatic timer. These are plugs that power the lights on and off according to the times you set. If you haven’t already got one, use one to control your main lighting too.
Tank lights can be fixed in place to the glass bottom with suction cups. If you don’t want the it half buried in substrate, you can fix it yourself – we use plastic handy ties. Some aggressive fish will give the lights abuse, our cichlids took a keen interest in them. Take care if you have bigger fish, you don’t want them cutting through the cord.